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High Blood Pressure Specialist

Elsa L Lerro, M.D. -  - Internal Medicine

Elsa L Lerro, M.D.

Internal Medicine located in Fresno, CA

High blood pressure, or hypertension, affects an estimated 75 million Americans, or about 1 in 3 adults. It’s a severe health issue that's far-too-often overlooked. At her practice in Fresno, California, Elsa L. Lerro, MD, has more than 20 years of experience in treating patients with high blood pressure, even ones with uncontrolled hypertension, with up-to-date and evidence-based medications and interventions. If you’re ready to begin a path toward a healthier lifestyle and lower your blood pressure, call the office or use the online scheduling tool.

High Blood Pressure Q & A

What is high blood pressure?

High blood pressure occurs when the force that your blood places on the walls of your blood vessels exceeds a certain level on a consistent basis. Blood pressure naturally rises and falls throughout the day, but consistently high readings signify a problem with your vascular system.

When your heart beats, it pumps blood through your arteries, veins, and capillaries, creating pressure. Systolic pressure occurs when blood leaves your heart and enters your blood vessels. Diastolic pressure occurs in the resting period between heartbeats.

What causes high blood pressure?

High blood pressure has several causes, many of which also lead to other health problems. Living a sedentary lifestyle and carrying extra weight increases your risk of developing hypertension.

Your dietary and lifestyle choices directly influence your blood pressure. Choosing highly processed food that spikes your sodium intake, which can lead to hypertension. Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption are also linked to high rates of hypertension.

What are the health risks associated with high blood pressure?

Hypertension places you at an elevated risk of developing the following conditions:

  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Kidney disease
  • Heart failure
  • Sexual dysfunction

Few things have a more significant positive impact on your health than reducing high blood pressure. Getting those numbers to healthier levels can vastly improve your quality of life, and prevent severe disease.

What are the treatment options for high blood pressure?

There are numerous ways to address high blood pressure, and many people respond well to a combination treatment plan. Certain blood pressure lowering medications can help as well.

Lifestyle management also is an effective treatment option and can lead to astounding results. At Elsa L. Lerro, MD, you have access to medically sound dietary and nutrition counseling. 

Dr. Lerro provides all the tools and knowledge needed to get on track toward healthier outcomes. These are just some of the changes that can lead to lower blood pressure:

  • Consuming more whole grains, fruits, and vegetables
  • Choosing low-fat or fat-free dairy products
  • Limiting consumption of red meat, palm oil, and sugary foods
  • Participating in routine physical activities 


Making changes to your diet and fitness can bring your blood pressure levels down, and help you look and feel your best. Schedule an appointment online or by phone today to get started.